Sorting Out the Good Guys and the Bad Guys: Pipeline Project in Limbo

Note: This story has been updated since it was originally posted Friday evening.

Late Friday, North Dakota’s governor, Jack Dalrymple, declared that a state of emergency existed in south central North Dakota, due to a large gathering, in temporary campgrounds, of opponents of the placement of the Dakota Access Pipeline under the Missouri River on the edge of the Standing Rock Reservation. News reports say there may be as many as 2,000 Standing Rock Tribal members and sympathizers gathered near the banks of the Cannonball River. The very last sentence of the news story I read about this said “The governor’s emergency order does not include activation of the National Guard.”

To which I would add one word: Yet.

Because he surely will.

And by the time Dalrymple is ready to call in the National Guard to clear out the protectors who have stopped work on the pipeline, he’ll likely have a significant amount of public sympathy leaning his way.

Nobody using the Fort Ricer Recreation Area today, but a lonely deputy sheriff is keeping a watch.
Nobody using the Fort Rice Recreation Area this weekend, but a lonely deputy sheriff is keeping a watch.

That will be the result of closure of North Dakota Highway 1806, preventing lots of people from gaining access to some state and local recreation areas over the last big weekend of the summer, Labor Day weekend. In what seems like an over-the-top move, with just a tinge of racism, Dalrymple shut down the highway just six miles south of Mandan, and some 25 miles north of the pipeline construction site. Over the top because there’s no good reason to prevent people from using popular boat ramps and campgrounds at Schmidt Bottoms, Fort Rice and other areas along the shore of Lake Oahe. A bit racist because those campers and fishermen, mostly white, are being played against the Native Americans gathered many miles south. “Now look, those damn Indians have kept me from having a Labor Day weekend with my family.”

That situation does not need to exist. There’s no good reason to stop travelers 25 miles north of the construction site. Their stated reason is to get travelers over to Highway 6 on County Road 138. Sorry, Governor, I call Bullshit.  There’s no good reason to keep boaters and campers from passing through the roadblock to their weekend destinations. They’re not interested in going down to the edge of the Reservation where the protectors are gathered. The recreation areas are all well north of there.

For that matter, it would be much easierto simply set up a waypoint just south of the Sitting Bull Bridge (yes, ironically, that’s the name of the bridge over the Heart River that anyone wanting to go south out of Mandan on 1806 has to cross) and tell everyone heading out of town that 1806 is going to be closed south of Fort Rice, for example, so if they are going past there, say to Fort Yates or Mobridge or Prairie Knights Casino, they need to cross over to Highway 6 on 19th Street, right up there on the hill, and go that way. As opposed to the several miles of gravel road that is County Road 138 six miles south, 19th Street is about a mile of paved road.

Doing that lets everyone get to the recreation areas, but covers the safety aspect near the construction site.

I drove to the construction site today, by the way. I’ve hunted pheasants out in that country for 40 years, and I know the back roads. When I got to the construction site, there were only five people there, and none of them were law enforcement. And work on the project has completely stopped, so there’s no chance of confrontation between tribal members and construction workers. Didn’t look like much of n “emergency” to me.

But it wasn’t long after I got there that I spotted a procession coming up the highway from the south. Two tribal officers in tribal vehicles with flashing lights were leading a procession of about 50 horse riders and a hundred or so people on foot, coming up the highway toward the construction site from the camp site down near the Cannonball River. It’s a long ways between the two sites, at least two miles, maybe more. It was raining pretty hard and only 57 degrees outside. These weren’t yuppie campers in fleece shirts and Eddie Bauer rain suits, and by the time they got there, they were cold and wet. But their spirits weren’t dampened. They immediately began their mournful songs of prayer at the gate of the site. I left them to that. Gawkers weren’t needed there.

A prayer procession makes it way up Highway 1806.
A prayer procession makes it way up Highway 1806.

But here’s a suggestion for the protectors. If they would agree to stay off the road at all times, keeping it open for vehicles and safe for pedestrians, they’d have a good case to be made that there is no need for any road block at all, anywhere. That would be the best public relations move the Tribe and its leaders could make. It is, after all, a state highway. And, more importantly, it is the road to Prairie Knights Casino, one of the most important economic engines of the Reservation.

There’s a big concert at the casino Saturday night, the remnants of Credence Clearwater Revival. Concert-goers with tickets are going to have to take Highway 6 to get there, and there’s going to be a big traffic jam because there are going to be a couple hundred cars going down that road to Suchyfest, Chuck Suchy’s annual music and Juneberry pie festival, at the Bohemian Hall on Highway 6 about supper time tomorrow as well. I’m going to Suchyfest. I’m leaving early. I hope the road is safe. Generally lots of cars park on the side of the road down there each year. This whole thing could be a recipe for disaster.

And an economic disaster for the Tribe if people decide just to stay home on a Saturday night–and for as long as the roadblock exists–instead of  taking a long detour on that road to the casino.

As for the whole pipeline protest, I’m not taking sides. I’ve generally been in favor of transporting crude oil by pipeline from the Bakken to refineries, as the safest means of moving oil long distances. Pipelines sometime spring leaks, and that can be disastrous, but they don’t generally blow up in the middle of residential neighborhoods, like trains can do.

Still, I’m sympathetic to the tribal members on the Standing Rock Reservation who are worried about the giant pipeline that is planned to run under the Missouri River on the northern border of their reservation. They’re worried about disruption of cultural resources and oil leaking into their river, which is not just sacred to them, but also is the source of the water they need to live.

I’m also troubled by the fact that I don’t think U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which issued the permit for the pipeline to be laid under the Missouri, has done its job here. Earlier this year, three federal agencies, including the EPA, called on the Corps to do more homework before issuing that permit.

EPA requested an Environmental Impact Statement to assess the possible impacts on drinking water for Fort Yates. The Department of Interior agreed with the need for an EIS, citing treaty language between the government and the tribe. And the National Advisory Council on Historic Preservation expressed concern about tribal cultural resources and burial sites. You can read more details on those things here. Those are all agencies of the same government as the Corps of Engineers. They should be in agreement, getting along. But the Corps didn’t pay attention to its sister agencies. And that’s what’s led to where we are today.

Perhaps the Tribe could have been a little more proactive in the run-up to the permit process, but I imagine they felt they should be protected by their treaties with the U.S. Government. Yeah, right. How’s that been working out for the last 150 years?

Of course, state permits had to be granted as well, and the North Dakota Public Service Commission did that. North Dakota State University Professor Tom Isern posted an essay on Facebook yesterday finding fault with the State Historical Society of North Dakota for not pointing out to the PSC that the cultural resource study on the project was deficient and should have been redone. It’s that lack of a good cultural resource study that has set the tribe on its present course. You should read Professor Isern’s short critique. I’m not sure if non-Facebook users can connect with that link, so I’ll reprint it at the end of this article. Isern’s a credible historian—he needs to be paid attention to.

So there’s a lot of blame to go around for the situation we find ourselves in right now. I hope cool heads prevail, and bright minds resolve this. The Tribe is serious. This is no idle bluff. There are more than 1,000 sympathizers—I didn’t use the word protectors, instead of protesters, by mistake earlier in this article—by some estimates 1,500-2,000 of them, gathered in that camp on the Cannonball River. That’s what they call themselves–protectors. I’m good with that.  I don’t see them backing down. They want that pipeline re-routed. And we need this pipeline to be built. Certainly, between the state and federal governments and the pipeline company, they can find a way to do that.

Here’s Dr. Isern’s essay.

Cannonball

By Dr. Tom Isern

It’s all quiet on the Cannonball. For the moment. This is a good time to reflect on how we got to the point where an out-of-state energy transport company, here operating under the (rather ironic) name Dakota Access, manipulated our sworn officers of the law into confrontation with the native citizens of North Dakota.

Bear with me on this, because it requires some attention span. And there is required reading, too. Begin with this document: http://history.nd.gov/hp/PDFinfo/No…

Here’s why I think you should look at this obscure manual of practice. Issued by the Historic Preservation Department of the State Historical Society of North Dakota, it details the requirements for “Cultural Resource Invenory Projects.” Yeah, I know, I think they meant to say “Inventory,” but that’s not the point. The manual codifies the expectations of cultural resource contractors–usually archeologists–submitting work for review. This includes the studies required parcel to environmental assessments for construction projects, such as the Dakota Access pipeline.

All such work, like any reputable science, begins with a literature review. Now, archeologists like to do field work. They aren’t so keen about book work. So, the authors of the guidelines spelled out clearly what they expected every research entity to accomplish with the literature review. You can read for yourself in the manual, but I will summarize here the three essential points.

  1. Review the site files and other materials already of record in the historic preservation department
  2. Make use of the published, textual sources for history and archeology in the study area
  3. Interview persons with personal knowledge of the area

But, really, isn’t archeology about fieldwork? Why bother with this review-of-literature stuff?

Because, North Dakota is a huge place. Even a defined study area is too large to cover foot-by-foot with pedestrian survey. You need that boots-on-the-ground work, but if you’re just walking around out there, or even working the ground in systematic fashion, you’re going to miss a lot of stuff.

Think of it like this. If I start walking across a 5000-acre pasture looking for sharptail grouse, on my own, I may or may not be lucky enough to stumble across one. But if I start across guided by my trusty retriever, and follow where she leads me, I will find birds just about every time. You have to hunt where the birds are.

Historical sources tell you where to concentrate your survey efforts, so that you actually find stuff. Maybe that’s the problem here. If you want to find stuff, you consult the sources. If you don’t want to find stuff, don’t look at the sources.

Wait a minute, why would a researcher not want to find stuff? I’m a researcher, and I love to find stuff! The answer is, these cultural resource contractors work for the people, like Dakota Access, who want to build things, in ways that do violence to heritage resources, if you’re not careful. When cultural resource surveyors find things, that’s nothing but trouble for the people who pay them.

At this point, if you’re unfamiliar with the system of cultural resource management, you’re wondering how this makes sense. The point is, it does not. We set up a process ostensibly intended to safeguard our heritage resources. To do this, we require that before a party goes ahead with a big project, it has to submit a cultural resource survey and establish that the project will not do unreasonable amounts of damage to historic and archeological resources. Such a study is supposed to identify and locate the resources to be safeguarded. The study is conducted, however, by a contractor hired by the party desiring to do the project, such as the Dakota Access pipeline. Dakota Access pays the bills. Moreover, the companies who do such cultural resource work specialize in it and depend, for their existence and profit, on repeat business. The incentive, therefore, is not to find stuff, to go through the motions, but to bring in a report that satisfies the company which pays the bill.

You can read the environmental assessment for the Dakota Access project here: http://cdm16021.contentdm.oclc.org/…

I also have seen sections of the cultural resource study that is part of the EA. The cultural resource study is not included in the online posting. It is withheld because if people knew where to find archeological sites, they might loot them for artifacts. Such caution is standard practice, allowed by state statute–although it appears in this case to be redundant, because at least in the section dealing with Morton County, the researchers, surprise, didn’t find anything.

And why didn’t they find anything? Because, far as I can see, there is no evidence the cultural resource contractors even pretended to meet the minimum requirements for documentary research. And because of that failure, they missed known sites of profound significance and importance–some of them, in fact, visible in Google Earth, for pete’s sake.

It is time for concerned parties to examine the primary text on this matter, the cultural resource study on file in the historic preservation department of the state historical society, and to determine to what degree, if any, it meets requirements for such surveys. I have seen enough to know it is deficient. The only question is, how deficient. Now would be an excellent time for the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe to organize a qualified investigative team and dispatch it to the heritage center to determine the extent of deficiency. The findings would be important to legal proceedings currently in progress. It appears that all regulatory approvals of the Dakota Access project have been based on faulty intelligence.

There is a final issue I must address, although it pains me. I am a historian, and a sustaining member of the State Historical Society of North Dakota. The cultural resource study for the Dakota Access project came to the historic preservation department of the SHSND for review; the department accepted it, despite its failure to meet requirements; and thus it certified to the North Dakota Public Service Commission and other agencies that the Dakota Access project would do no harm to heritage resources. The statement of the SHSND, in its letter of 26 April 2016, was unequivocal: “No Historic Properties Affected.” That statement was based on demonstrably deficient studies.

How can this happen? There are three possible explanations.

  1. Time constraints – the SHSND simply lacked the staff to exercise due diligence.
  2. Lack of competence – the SHSND dropped the ball.
  3. Conflict of interest – the SHSND averted it gaze.

That third possibility, conflict of interest, is most disturbing. Energy firms are seven-figure donors to the SHSND. In fact, when the legislature only partially funded the new North Dakota Heritage Center, the SHSND made it known that it looked to energy companies as its main reliance for funding. And so it was done.

Let me make this plain: I am not accusing anyone, or any agency, of wrongdoing or bias. I am saying that so long as this conflict of interest exists, the public will view the pronouncements of the SHSND with suspicion.

It is long past time for the SHSND to deal with this problem. It is possible, through a transparent process of recusal by conflicted parties and involvement of unbiased reviewers, to solve it. As a member of the SHSND, I say, let this reform commence immediately.

Footnote: The story is finally hitting the national news. National Public Radio had  a pretty good summary of the situation today. Here’s a link. 

One more Footnote: Winona LaDuke has written a fascinating article about the money behind the pipeline. Read it here.

31 thoughts on “Sorting Out the Good Guys and the Bad Guys: Pipeline Project in Limbo

  1. 1) Call in the National Guard now. Just like Judge Ronald Davies in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957, justice needs to be served. The President federalized the National Guard over the objections of the Arkansas governor. The Central High School case is one of our nation’s most important history lessons.

    2) Start RICO proceedings against the people stopping legal commerce from taking place.

    3) Start calling in school busses from around the region to haul the arrested to jail. Once the busses show up, perhaps a few of them will realize the State is serious about criminal activity.

    1 in 5 or 10 “protesters” are actually unpaid citizens of North Dakota. The other (the majority) are paid protesters. Follow the money that is behind their actions. You will find radical leftist organizations or perhaps even OPEC or Russian oil interests at work.

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    1. Matt Noah, There are NO paid protestors at all. If you would take the time to do some research, you will find this is located on Native lands and this is concerning the pollution of the water Natives drink and use to live their lives.
      They are totally within their own rights to protest….freedom of speech, as they are protecting what is legally theirs. No one from the reservations were consulted before this was proposed and because of that, the people who live on the reservation have every right to be angry about this pipeline going through their lands.
      In the end the company will just have to review and make other plans for transporting this dirty oil as we as Americans will not benefit from it at all. This is not ours to transport. Canada needs to step in and figure out a way of rerouting the dirty oil on its own territory to one of their coasts, place it in barges and transport it to where it needs to go. There is no reason to even think of placing this pipeline through our lands. And these protesters / protectors of the Earth will be successful in rejecting all proposals to use their land to transport this unneeded oil that benefits only Canadians.

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  2. Thank you Jim, and thank you Dr. Isern, for shedding light on this situation. Thank God that others are also starting to beat the drum about these important concerns!

    I agree. The governor’s decision to close the highway seems excessive. He used broad sweeps rather than a strategic plan when it came to closing the road. I hope Gov. Dalrymple changes his mind before Labor Day weekends are ruined!

    I agree. The people of Sanding Rock Reservation are protectors trying to prevent a poor plan for oil transportation from despoiling Mother Earth and their water supply. I agree. Oil pipelines are far safer and more efficient than railcar transportation of Bakken crude. But any pipeline should be well planned and take historical and cultural resources into consideration.

    Dr. Isern’s disclosure that energy companies have donated millions to the State Historical Society of North Dakota is very pertinent. I am pleased this money was donated. However, that does not excuse SHSND officials from doing a good job regarding the cultural resource study.

    I live in Wisconsin. When I tell people that a crude oil refinery has been approved three miles from a national park in my home state and that an oil pipeline is planned to be constructed beneath the Missouri River, they are simply shocked. Keep up the good work!

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    1. I think that if you are not from here you should make sure you now the facts before commenting on something you know nothing about. FACT: The pipeline is not crossing Native American land. FACT: The protesters are not on Native American land. FACT: the new pipeline will be about 50 yards from an existing pipeline put in 35 years ago, NOT on Native American land. FACT: Standing Rock was offered money to allow the pipeline to run across their land, their counter offer was to high so the pipeline found another way. So, they did have a price, they just bid to high. Unlike the author of this article I have spent my entire life in this area and on the exact land in question. I know every hill, coulee, draw and washout on that land. I see how Native Americans treat “mother earth”. I encourage anyone to go to Cannonball or Fort Yates and look for yourselves. Better yet, I would like to see pictures of those areas in the news with unbiased reporting. The impact of the protesters can not be felt by people that do not live here, do not be so quick to cast stones when you don’t understand the circumstances. For the record, roughly 75% of the protesters have come from out of state. And, yes, some of them were and are being paid. I could care less where they run the pipeline, I’m not trying to profit from it, all I want is for this to be over with. When the Native Americans are offered enough money the locals will go home and leave the uniformed standing there looking like fools for supporting simple greed.

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      1. JAB, Thank you for your valuable comments. I understand that you are in pain about how every hill, coulee, draw and washout on the land are being treated. I, too, am in pain about how the oil companies and out of state interests want to treat the land and valuable minerals in North Dakota with total disrespect. They have only short-term profit motives and do not have a vision for a healthy future for the land.
        We are not so different, you and I.

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      2. We are different. I said I know the land, I didn’t say I was anymore worried about those hills the pipeline may move then the ones moved for building new roads, housing developments, sports stadiums or low income housing. The differences include knowing the difference between fact and a load of crap made up by people with nothing to do. It’s to bad veterans, homeless people and starving children in this country don’t get as much attention from you. The natives complain about the check point on 1806, stop whining, it wasn’t a problem when they blocked it. Also, they are blocking access to public lands and harassing the general public who wants to go there fishing and relaxing or camping. Get it through your heads, it’s not their land, they have no more right to do that than anybody else. Should we protest and barricade their casino for taking people’s money so they can’t afford to eat or pay rent. Have you ever noticed how most people only protest the things they think they can do without. You are not allowed to whine when has prices hit $5.00/gal. In fact you should be walking, growing your own food and making your own clothes from now on.

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  3. In the end, the complex legal problems of these complex projects always falls on the backs of the evil archaeologists, eh? Burying a few interesting, speculative, points about how the federal and state agencies permitted this mess, Isern deposits a stinking sarcastic load of crap on top: archaeologists can’t spell check, don’t like their book learning, need their guidelines written out, shirk their professional responsibilities to do fieldwork at the expense of archival research (or lab work, or analysis, or reporting for that matter — which is asinine), they only work for money, are incentivized to break the law for repeat work, barely go through the motions, don’t even pretend to do the minimum, and are either incompetent or sold out to donors. Gad. And lawyers are crooks, priests are pedophiles, cops are racists, journalists are plagerizers, and politicians are corrupt. But historians… they have the righteous blessing of 20/20 hindsight. Good to know where people stand. I do get it that the bigger and most important point is that the process broke down in big and important ways – plural: Interagency (non)cooperation, nation to nation consulting, treaty rights, environmental racism, lack of respect…. And maybe (just maybe, we’ll see…) even some out-of-state consultants doing a less than adequate job. I get it. Still, I won’t sit silently while Isern pushes out a pile like that about archaeologists and you pass it on stamped “credible.”

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  4. What with pipelines only being approved so they don’t interfere with Bismarck waters and radioactive waste pits in western ND, it is easy to see that anyone connected to the State Capitol is totally bought and paid for and owe their soul to BIG OIL.

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  5. These people are risking their lives not just to protect their land but to save yours. That water is essential to farming all the way down and for what? So they can transport oil for someone else to use, crude oil that takes more money and water to make usable than it is worth it’s weight in? Short term jobs are not worth the long term cost of disease and starvation in the very near future. The fact that I should have to validate their land and lives as equally important in the first place says so much and so little about you, and shows how much better those people out there on the front lines are.

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  6. Archaeology story is interesting, but many Sioux tribes were nomadic & not from disputed area.

    Pipeline or railroad? That’s the question.

    Pipeline technology, metallurgy, wielding, termination pipe fitting, shut off valves, pressurization, flow rate, production of years in service, redundant fault tolerant detection systems costs money. This pipeline is cheap & dirty. It should have been a show case for world to see how things are done right. Quality assurance engineering is weak.

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    1. 389 Dead over 7.9 million gallons of oil spilled from pipelines and this is an acceptable alternative….half a mile from the only water intake serving two whole counties in ND and SD? The Corps of engineers originally consider a permit for this pipeline north of Bismarck but denied it due to many things including a concern about the risk it posed to municipal water intakes for Bismarck. Wake Up. Ask folks on the Kalamazoo and Yellowstone Rivers where pipelines burst how safe they feel it is. No risk to water for drinking is acceptable. And kiss your fishing good bye folks. It’s not a matter of it its a matter of when.

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  7. We should support these people 100%!!! TY Jim for the story. It comes down to HOW the pipeline is buried, NOT why!! These energy companies are completely NOT interested in the safest way to do it but the easiest way for THEM! Remember the pipeline west of Billings MT? broke and polluted the Yellowstone river? Can’t we learn from that? Studies done were NOT done properly on this. Just trying to push it through the fastest way possible!! More people need to get involved, to STOP this until the safest way is decided.

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  8. First of all, this was not a peaceful protest. Death threats were made to law officers, private security and employees of Dakota Access. Rocks and bottles were thrown at people and cars, knives came out to threaten law enforcement, and a gang of native american thugs chased the police off their formation while riding their horses directly at them and threatening their lives. The latter incident is on video on the internet if you just go look. And, while this was happening the crowd was chanting Indian war cries. Let’s get real. These people don’t care about the rule of law, and even if they should lose in court they will resort to violence and threats to get their way. So will all these hypocrites coming in from other states, driving their gas powered automobiles and who heat their homes with natural gas or the electricity provided by a coal power plant. Why do all these environmental elitists like Al Gore and the Kennedys drive around in gas guzzling limousines if they are so concerned about global warming?

    First they use the court system, and then if they lose there, they will use what ever illegal method they can to get their way and force their extremist views on others. It seems only the liberal left has constitutional rights these days even if they treat the constitution like a piece of toilet paper. When someone else tries to offer a contrary opinion, they are told to shut up and their right to free speech is suppressed. The Missouri river and other rivers have been crossed with hundreds of pipelines in this country, transporting millions of barrels of oil and natural gas a day and doing it safely and without incident.

    But Mr. Fuglie, when you come right down to it, you and people like you who write articles like this are the real problem with America. So why don’t you delete this comment and suppress my right to free speech just like your brethen would.

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  9. If they make a movie out of this, can I be the female Kevin Costner character, as in Dances With Wolves? I want to go native, get a lot of haircuts, change outfits a lot and I promise (for everyone’s sake, especially mine) not to let anyone see my bare bottom.
    Thought we all needed some humor here.

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  10. If you don’t know, should you know?

    The biggest demonstration involving 10,000 Indians against oil pipeline spills, gas leaks & mining occurred in Peru on June 5th, 2009. Nicknamed the “Bagua massacre” on a highway called “ The Devil’s Bend”. Video is provided by Survival International.

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  11. Dear Readers: I have deleted a number of comments here from a fellow named James because they were racist and offensive. I welcome healthy debate oh my blog, but do not tolerate trolls. I left James’ original comment, but deleted the ones I felt were blatantly offensive.–Jim Fuglie

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    1. If you knew the area like you say you do, you would know that they’re not protesting on their land. You would know there’s already a pipeline there. You would know how many protesters are from this area and how many came from elsewhere. You would know how they treat their land because you have been in Cannonball or Fort Yates and seen how they treat their land and the roads they travel piled with trash. You would know how much it does affect people living on 1806 whether it’s 2 miles or 22 miles. It has not been all peaceful. Because you took an afternoon drive you know it all? I believe you are the one trolling.

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  12. I think there are other safer and less damaging ways to produce energy and motorized vehicles. Oil and gas are so outdated. We have the technology to start moving towards wind energy, solar panels and things like the electric car. I think the people who deal in oil simply make too much money to want to change the way we power our country. One thing is for sure though, this oil business will destroy our planet and resources sooner or later. Everyone knows it yet no one does anything about it. Thats why what is taking place in Cannonball is so important. Its average people making a very valid point.

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  13. Jim, I so appreciate your statement regarding offensive comments. Of course, offensive is subjective. But the coarseness of today is an unhealthy situation.
    I hope to post later on your piece. The Gov. is out of line here. It is an open threat and underlying it is the intent to dry up Tribal revenue and force them into submission. I hope that they find the courage to stand firm. Let the bad guys here show their colors. This is an unexpected and unusual circumstance. I pray that it will have positive change as an outcome. I am compelled to now really stand for what I believe too. Our Democracy needs to find the moral highground. I think this is one of those times.

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  14. This message is for the protesters at Fort Berthold Reservation: There is a liberal white lady who lives in Wisconsin. She supports you because you are doing the right thing — for your tribe, for your nation, for the planet. If someone could post a comment on what I can do to support you, please do so. Blessings to all. Peace in your hearts.

    This message is for everyone: I was quite surprised when a comment was made to me about “the pipeline in North Dakota has been topped.” The word is out!

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    1. Sorry for the typo. I was told today that it was stopped. I think that means construction was temporarily stopped due to the protest.

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  15. Hold on to your seats for DAPL legal phase

    What happens in Wash DC court with Army Corp of Engineers vs. ND SRST pipeline on August 24, 2016 will set the tone.

    Meantime, 1000’s of miles away in Peru Amazon, Peruvian Congress kills controversial highway project near Manu Park that would have passed near isolated Indian Mashco-Piro territory. Wild Indians that can’t read, write or barely count to 10, wins the court battle.

    Mashco-Piro tribe territory includes location of Inca city Paititi, the lost city of gold or El Dorado. A lot of archaeologists that go to this area are never seen or heard from again.

    Video of Mashcos in Peru 2013 is taken by FENAMAD Yine Indian rangers on opposite side of river.

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  16. It is over, pipeline lost outta Kurdish funding source when Russia bombed the US protected Kurdish-ISIS oil convoy of nearly 10,000 sneaking into Turkey, the same Turkey kicking out the US, ending the air base…Bakken and ISIS are one and the same

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